Message from Chairman Chairman: Yoshinori Miyamoto Once underwater acoustic technologies have been developed for the effective fishing tools, now it has contributed to estimate fish resource abundances as a scientific survey tools. Now the missions given to scientists in fisheries acoustics is to recommend appropriate fishery production based on the evaluation of fish resources using underwater acoustic technologies for the sustainable fisheries which does not impacts to natural resources and ocean environment. Recently, the number of researchers in Asia has been increased and the technologies on underwater acoustics have been highly developed in Asian countries. However, so far, the exchanging information and cooperative works on fisheries acoustics over the countries still look like quite few. Ten years have passed since our society, but the importance of fishery acoustics in Asian countries is increasing more and more. Since there are many particular problems in Asian fisheries such like small quantities with numerous species, benthic animals, freshwater fish, and aquaculture, the AFAS aims to apply the acoustical technologies for those problems.
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This group acted as a prerequisite for the planned East Asia Community which was supposedly patterned after the now-defunct European Community. RCEP would, in part, allow the members to protect local sectors and give more time to comply with the aim for developed country members. This vision, as a means for the realisation of a single ASEAN community, provides provisions on peace and stability, a nuclear-free region, closer economic integration, human development, sustainable development, cultural heritage, being a drug-free region, environment among others.
The ASEAN community would revise and renew its vision every ten years to provide a framework for continuous development and further integration. APSC issues are covered under articles 7 and 8. The former generally states the overall aspiration of the community aiming for a united, inclusive and resilient community.
It also puts human and environmental security as crucial points. Deepening engagement with both internal and external parties are also stressed to contribute to international peace, security and stability.
There is also a call for a higher level of ASEAN institutional presence at the national, regional and international levels. The areas of cooperation include human resources development, recognition of professional qualifications, closer consultation economic policies, enhanced infrastructure and communications connectivity, integrating industries for regional sourcing, and strengthening private sector involvement.
Through the free movement of skilled labour, goods, services and investment, ASEAN would rise globally as one market, thus increasing its competitiveness and opportunities for development. Experts, however, have already forecast a shaky economic transition, especially for smaller players in the banking and financial services industry. Adoption of a common currency, when conditions are ripe, could be the final stage of the AEC.
The roadmap identifies approaches and milestones in capital market development, capital account and financial services liberalisation, and ASEAN currency cooperation. Capital market development entails promoting institutional capacity as well as the facilitation of greater cross-border collaboration, linkages, and harmonisation between capital markets.
Orderly capital account liberalisation would be promoted with adequate safeguards against volatility and systemic risks. To expedite the process of financial services liberalisation, ASEAN has agreed on a positive list modality and adopted milestones to facilitate negotiations. Currency cooperation would involve the exploration of possible currency arrangements, including an ASEAN currency payment system for trade in local goods to reduce the demand for US dollars and to help promote stability of regional currencies, such as by settling intra-ASEAN trade using regional currencies.
The ASA preceded the Asian financial crisis and was originally established by the monetary authorities of the five founding member states to help meet temporary liquidity problems. The supplementary facility aims to provide temporary financing for member states with balance-of-payments difficulties. The CMIM is a multilateral currency swap arrangement governed by a single contractual agreement.
In a time of crisis, the AMRO would prepare recommendations on any swap request based on macroeconomic analysis of a member state and monitor the use and impact of funds once an application is approved. While specialisation and revealed comparative and competitive indices point to complementarities between trade patterns among the member states, intra-ASEAN trade in agriculture is quite small, something that integration could address.
By building an environment that reduces barriers to trade, ASEAN trade would increase, thereby decreasing the risk of food price crisis. The APSC aims to create a sense of responsibility toward comprehensive security and a dynamic, outward-looking region in an increasingly integrated and interdependent world. The remaining member states have yet to develop and enhance their capabilities.
Singapore purchases products from Germany, France, and Israel. Malaysia purchased only 0. On 28 April , Brunei ratified the convention and a month later, the convention came into force.
Among its focus areas include human development, social welfare and protection, social justice and rights, environmental sustainability, building the ASEAN identity, and narrowing the development gap.
It is expected to provide relevant information about regional priorities, and thus foster productive, inclusive, and sustainable growth. The scorecard outlines specific actions that must be undertaken collectively and individually to establish AEC by The more "yes" answers, the higher the score. However, receiving countries may require would-be workers to take licensing examinations in those countries regardless of whether or not the worker has a professional license from their home country.
Total employment there doubled between and from 1. High-skilled foreign talents customer service, nursing, engineering, IT earn at least several thousand US dollars a month and with a credential usually a college degree receive employment passes. Narrowing the Development Gap NDG is the framework for addressing disparities among, and within, member states where pockets of underdevelopment exist.
The IAI Task Force, composed of representatives of the Committee of Permanent Representatives and its working group from all member states, is in charge of providing general advice and policy guidelines and directions in the design and implementation of the plan. It delivers a challenge to construct dynamic institutions and foster sufficient amount of social capital.
The underlying assumption is that the creation of a regional identity is of special interest to ASEAN and the intent of the Vision policy document was to reassert the belief in a regional framework designed as an action plan related to human development and civic empowerment. Accordingly, these assumptions will be the basis for recommendations and strategies in developing a participatory regional identity.
ASEAN Framework Agreement on Services
This group acted as a prerequisite for the planned East Asia Community which was supposedly patterned after the now-defunct European Community. RCEP would, in part, allow the members to protect local sectors and give more time to comply with the aim for developed country members. This vision, as a means for the realisation of a single ASEAN community, provides provisions on peace and stability, a nuclear-free region, closer economic integration, human development, sustainable development, cultural heritage, being a drug-free region, environment among others. The ASEAN community would revise and renew its vision every ten years to provide a framework for continuous development and further integration. APSC issues are covered under articles 7 and 8. The former generally states the overall aspiration of the community aiming for a united, inclusive and resilient community. It also puts human and environmental security as crucial points.
Agreements & Declarations
Those engaged in the trade of goods and services, investors, business visitors, contractual service providers, and intra-corporate transferees are given easier access for temporary cross-border stay. Success factors AFAS is recognized as a good practice, negotiated through government-to-government arrangements, facilitating regional mobility, allowing for the mutual protection of interests of the migrants and of sending and receiving states. Constraints and challenges There are variations in each MRA which make standardization difficult within each sector. An engineer, who must already hold a license issued by the regulatory body of the country of origin, must also have at least seven years of experience in the field. Even with the occupations governed by MRAs, horizontal and vertical mobility are limited.
ASEAN Framework Agreement on Services
7 packages of commitments under the AFAS