Na prvome katu bila su dva najbolja stana. Tada je u jednoj tih dvaju soba stanovao student prava Eugene de Rastignac. Za to vrijeme sve mu je priraslo srcu. Svijet mu je najednom postao jako lijep i pun nade.
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By one estimate, almost three-quarters of Parisians did not make the — francs a year required for a minimal standard of living. Individuals willing to adapt to the rules of this new society could sometimes ascend into its upper echelons from modest backgrounds, much to the distaste of the established wealthy class. In he published Les Chouans , the first novel to which he signed his own name; this was followed by Louis Lambert , Le Colonel Chabert , and La Peau de chagrin One of these aspects which fascinated Balzac was the life of crime.
Balzac met Vidocq in April , and used him as a model for a character named Vautrin he was planning for an upcoming novel.
It was released as a novel in March by the publishing house of Werdet, who also published the second edition in May. A much-revised third edition was published in by Charpentier.
Other characters were changed in a similar fashion. It was his first structured use of recurring characters, a practice whose depth and rigor came to characterize his novels. The old man is ridiculed frequently by the other boarders, who soon learn that he has bankrupted himself to support his two well-married daughters. Rastignac, who moved to Paris from the south of France, becomes attracted to the upper class. Vautrin, meanwhile, tries to convince Rastignac to pursue an unmarried woman named Victorine, whose family fortune is blocked only by her brother.
He offers to clear the way for Rastignac by having the brother killed in a duel. This is a lesson in the harsh realities of high society. Before long, the boarders learn that police are seeking Vautrin, revealed to be a master criminal nicknamed Trompe-la-Mort "Cheater of Death". Delphine does not visit Goriot as he lies on his deathbed, and Anastasie arrives too late, only once he has lost consciousness.
Before dying, Goriot rages about their disrespect toward him. His funeral is attended only by Rastignac, a servant named Christophe, and two paid mourners. After the short ceremony, Rastignac turns to face Paris as the lights of evening begin to appear. Instead, the central puzzles are the origins of suffering and the motivations of unusual behavior.
Characters appear in fragments, with brief scenes providing small clues about their identity. It enabled a depth of characterization that went beyond simple narration or dialogue. Detective novelist Arthur Conan Doyle said that he never tried to read Balzac, because he "did not know where to begin". Strike ruthlessly; you will be feared. Men and women for you must be nothing more than post-horses; take a fresh relay, and leave the last to drop by the roadside; in this way you will reach the goal of your ambition.
You will be nothing here, you see, unless a woman interests herself in you; and she must be young and wealthy, and a woman of the world. And if ever you should love, never let your secret escape you! Paris in the post-Napoleonic era was split into distinct neighborhoods. The texture of the novel is thus inextricably linked to the city in which it is set; "Paris", explains critic Peter Brooks , "is the looming presence that gives the novel its particular tone".
In his thirst for advancement, Rastignac has been compared to Faust , with Vautrin as Mephistopheles. Even as he is dying in extreme poverty, at the end of the book, he sells his few remaining possessions to provide for his daughters so that they might look splendid at a ball.
Delphine is trapped in a loveless marriage to Baron de Nucingen, a money-savvy banker. He is aware of her extramarital affairs, and uses them as a means to extort money from her. This depiction of marriage as a tool of power reflects the harsh reality of the unstable social structures of the time.
Parents, meanwhile, give endlessly to their children; Goriot sacrifices everything for his daughters. Balzac refers to him in the novel as the "Christ of paternity" for his constant suffering on behalf of his children. Convinced that he cannot achieve a decent status in Paris without a considerable display of wealth, he writes to his family and asks them to send him money: "Sell some of your old jewelry, my kind mother; I will give you other jewels very soon. His family, absent while he is in Paris, becomes even more distant despite this sacrifice.
Although Goriot and Vautrin offer themselves as father figures to him, by the end of the novel they are gone and he is alone. Some reviewers accused Balzac of plagiarism or of overwhelming the reader with detail and painting a simplistic picture of Parisian high society. He was condemned for not including more individuals of honorable intent in the book.
His daughters refused to recognize him because he had lost his fortune; now the critics have rejected him with the excuse that he was immoral. I have triumphed over everything, over friends as well as the envious.
Otec Goriot - Honoré de Balzac