In classical antiquity , the Phoenicians , Illyrians and Tyrrhenians were known as pirates. In the pre-classical era, the ancient Greeks condoned piracy as a viable profession; it apparently was widespread and "regarded as an entirely honourable way of making a living". By the era of Classical Greece , piracy was looked upon as a "disgrace" to have as a profession. Among some of the most famous ancient pirateering peoples were the Illyrians, a people populating the western Balkan peninsula. It was not until BC when the Romans finally decisively beat the Illyrian fleets that their threat was ended. The Aegean coast suffered similar attacks a few years later.
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Below is a brief summary of some of the changes: The structure of BMP 5 has changed significantly and some of the guidance previously contained in BMP 4 can now be found in separate documents such as the Global Counter Piracy Guidance for Companies, Master and Seafarers, which is a document that can be used in relation to piracy globally. The risk assessment under section 3 of BMP 5 includes several issues that must be considered by companies. These include the requirements of the Flag State, company, charterer and insurers; an assessment of the threat; co-operation with military resources; the use of armed guards; the characteristics of the ship and the applicable procedures of both the ship and company.
Under section 5, where a citadel is used it must be well constructed with reliable communications and be supplied with food, water and sanitation. The use of the citadel must be drilled and the Ship Security Plan must define the conditions and supporting logistics for its use.
The company should have a policy in place to cover situations where there is a kidnap and ransom of the crew. Annex G provides specific guidance to vessels engaged in fishing. Members should therefore carefully consider the content of BMP 5 to determine whether their ships comply with these new requirements and further consider other applicable guidance such as Global Counter Piracy Guidance for Companies, Master and Seafarers.
The release of BMP 5 coincided with the launch of a new website www. Links are provided to other useful maritime security resources which may assist Members to protect their crews and ships from security threats. The website brings together several types of security risks to ships including piracy, cyber, migration, stowaways, smuggling and armed conflicts and war.