Within the limits of this science, the most diverse methods may develop, if only because we focus on the empirical study of the material. Such study was, essentially, the aim of the Formalists from the very beginning. Yes, you heard right. You thought literature had nothing to do with science? Think again.
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Need we say more? So cogitate this: How does Sterne use digression in this novel? And why do you think he does that? Metamorphosis by Franz Kafka Imagine waking up as a huge icky bug one morning. Would you just hop out of bed, brew your coffee, and dash to catch the bus? Why do you think he chooses to write in this simple, straightforward style?
How does that style contribute to his use of defamiliarization? Yes, the sugar part. The vestiges of slavery bits are not quite so saccharine.
How does Toomer use the devices of repetition and parallelism in the poems and prose-poems in Cane? What effect do these devices have? Think about the form of the book.
Why do you think Toomer opts for this unusual, fragmented form? Well, Murray makes birds, cows, bats, and other favorites of the animal kingdom talk in this book of poetry about nature and animals. And he makes them do it with poetry. And why is their language "poetic" as opposed to "practical"? How much importance does Murray give sound over sense? Lots of comedy and of course, tragedy ensues.
Why does Stoppard write a whole play from the perspective of these two minor characters? What point is he making about "heroism"? And what might a Formalist say about that conception of the hero? Did we mention he was only 24? According to Shklovsky, why is "defamiliarization" so integral to literature? Shklovsky analyzes the work of the writer Lev Tolstoy in this essay.
How does Tolstoy achieve defamiliarization, according to Shklovsky? How does that distinction correspond to the distinction between "form" and "content"? And what does that suggest about the relationship between "form" and "content"? What is the difference between "literature" and "literariness"?
According to Jakobson, why is it so important to focus on "literariness"? Got it? Got it. Why is it so important to understand the laws that govern the evolution of literature, according to Jakobson and Tynyanov?
How might that contribute to making Formalism a "science"? What trends in literary criticism were the Formalists reacting against when they began theorizing about poetry? What did they think was wrong with the state of literary criticism? And once their different and superior method of criticism was developed, according to Eikhenbaum, what are some of the key concepts that emerged from Formalism?
The Theory of the Formal Method by Boris Eichenbaum
Need we say more? So cogitate this: How does Sterne use digression in this novel? And why do you think he does that? Metamorphosis by Franz Kafka Imagine waking up as a huge icky bug one morning.
Traditional assessment methods stem back to early childhood theories such as behavioural theory and psychosocial theory. A summary table identifying the social paradigm, research method, data collection technique and data analysis approach is provided. A structured narrative response to how each of the articles addresses the research question follows the summary table. The paper concludes with rationale for the research paradigm that appeals most to me.