Cited still to this day, his critical analysis of the then modern planning principles and historical precedents paved the way for a new breed of theoretical practitioners in the art of Urbanism. The book informally breaks down into three apparent sections. Initially Sitte outlines and documents what he perceives to be worthwhile paradigms of historical public spaces. Through decades of travelling across Italy, Germany and other central European countries he discovered what he understood to be the epitome of city planning.
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Life[ edit ] Camillo Sitte was born Vienna in He was an art historian and architect whose writings, according to Eliel Saarinen , were familiar to German-speaking architects of the late 19th century. He was educated and influenced by Rudolf von Eitelberger and Heinrich von Ferstel , and on the recommendation of Eitelberger Sitte became the head of the new State Trade School in Salzburg in , but Sitte returned to Vienna in to establish similar school there.
Sitte saw architecture was a process and product of culture. Camillo Sitte was the son of the architect Franz Sitte —79 and the father of the architect Siegfried Sitte — Richly illustrated with sketches and neighborhood maps, Sitte drew parallels between the elements of public spaces and those of furnished rooms, and he made a forceful case that the aesthetic experience of urban spaces should be the leading factor of urban planning.
Sitte was one of the first urban writers to consciously emphasize the value of irregularity in the urban form. He challenged, among other things, a growing tendency toward rigid symmetry in contemporary urban design, including the isolated placement of churches and monuments in large, open plots. He also identified and advocates a host of traditional approaches to creating public spaces that had grown out of the town planning traditions of Europe.
He illustrates these approaches with examples through sketches and diagrams of numerous neighborhoods mainly in Italy and Germany. Sitte believed in an incremental approach to urbanism, formed by the aggregation of many sophisticated site plans within a more general scheme determined by street patterns and other public factors.
Eliel Saarinen notes that The Art of Building Cities was familiar to German-speaking architects in the late 19th century. At least five editions were published between and , including a French translation.
An English translation was not published, however, until -- a factor that may explain his relative obscurity in the British Empire and the United States in the years before World War II. For Sitte, the inherent, creative quality of urban space is its most important factor, with whole effect being more than the sum of its parts.
Sitte contended that many urban planners had neglected to consider the spatial dimensions of urban planning, focusing too much on paper plans; and argued that this approach hindered the efficacy of planning in an aesthetically conscious manner. Although most of his examples come from the urbanism of Medieval and Renaissance Europe, he also cites Classical urban forms like the agora of Athens and the Roman forum as examples of well designed urban space.
Schriften und Projekte. Random House: New York, Zur Kunst- und Architekturtheorie Camillo Sittes. ISSN An introduction to Sitte, alongside an analysis of how his ideas were actually used. Encyclopedia of the City. He states that the English translation was not available in the United States until
Life[ edit ] Camillo Sitte was born Vienna in He was an art historian and architect whose writings, according to Eliel Saarinen , were familiar to German-speaking architects of the late 19th century. He was educated and influenced by Rudolf von Eitelberger and Heinrich von Ferstel , and on the recommendation of Eitelberger Sitte became the head of the new State Trade School in Salzburg in , but Sitte returned to Vienna in to establish similar school there. Sitte saw architecture was a process and product of culture.
Sitte Camillo City Planning According to Artistic Principles
City Planning according to Artistic Principles is not purely an attack on the modern planning systems of the time, but an attempt to define a unity between modern and artistic methods through the creation of suitable public space. Upon its publication a new breed of theorists and practitioners developed who were concerned with the city and its planning. Camillo Sitte was born in Vienna and it was here where he conducted the basis of his work. Whilst Sitte trained as an Architect, he had a strong artistic background and found prominence as an academic. He worked in a time of intense change in European cities as economic factors, sanitation and transport were becoming the most important influences on city planning - planning was becoming an exercise undertaken in plan on the drafting board, not on site in the street or the square. He travelled extensively throughout Europe visiting cities in Italy, France and Germany as well as his native Austria. Through his travels, Sitte observed how these cities had developed and established a set of principles by which he believed cities should be planned.