CHINESE MEDICAL HERBOLOGY & PHARMACOLOGY PDF

Methods: In the Taiwanese national insurance claims data, we identified newly diagnosed stroke patients receiving inpatient care in the years — These two groups were followed up until the end of to track the occurrence of epilepsy. The association between BYHWT and reduced post-stroke epilepsy was significant in various subgroups of stroke patients. Conclusion: Stroke patients who received BYHWT therapy had a reduced long-term risk of epilepsy, and the beneficial effect could be observed in various subgroups. However, future clinical trials will be necessary to corroborate the present findings and identify the biochemical mechanism involved. Keywords: stroke, epilepsy, Bu Yang Huan Wu Tang, long-term risk Introduction Stroke is the second leading cause of death and years of life lost among adults worldwide.

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Of these therapies, acupuncture and Chinese herbology are the most popular in the United States Nestler The most significant milestone in the history of acupuncture occurred during the period of Huang Di -The Yellow Emperor of China.

A pproximately BC, during the Shang Dynasty, hieroglyphs showed evidence of acupuncture and moxibustion. Slark states that moxibustion is derived from the healing benefits of fire and heat. Hot compresses were created from stones and burning sand wrapped in skin and bark. Acupoints are believed to have been identified through observing how pain is relieved by pressure.

Bronze needles were excavated from ruins, but the bian stones remained the main form of needle During the Warren States Era B. Four gold needles and five silver needles were found in an ancient tomb dating back to B. The Miraculous Pivot names nine types of acupuncture needles. The Historical Records notes many physicians practicing Acupuncture during this time. The Nan Jing discusses five element theory, hara diagnosis, eight extra meridians, and other important topics.

From A. The text is twelve volumes and describes Acupuncture points. It is organized according to the theory of: Zang Fu, Qi and blood, channels and colllaterals, acupuncture points, and clinical application. This book is noted to be one of the most influential text in the history of Chinese Medicine. Acupuncture experienced great development during the Sui and Tang Dynasties. Upon request from the Tang Government A. This text includes data on Acupuncture from various scholars.

During this period acupuncture became a special branch of medicine and practitioners were named acupuncturists. Acupuncture schools appeared, and Acupuncture education became part of the Imperial Medical Bureau. But from the Qing Dynasty to the Opium Wars , herbal medicine became the main tool of physicians and acupuncture was suppressed.

The Qi is believed to flow through pathways meridians in your body. These meridians and the energy flow are accessible through more than acupuncture points. Illness results from an imbalance of the forces. By inserting needles into these points in various combinations, acupuncture practitioners believe that the energy flow will rebalance. Cupping is another method used to stimulate the acupuncture points.

Suction is applied to the points to cause stimulation. A metal, wood or glass jar is used to create a partial vacuum. The suction produces blood congestion at the point, thus causing stimulation Chen A study by Moffet states that Acupuncture produces its effects through regulating the nervous system, thus aiding the activity of pain-killing biochemicals such as endorphins and immune system cells at specific sites in the body.

Acupuncture claims to be able to treat a number of illnesses, especially those involving pain. Acupuncture is known for it anesthesia like effects and can be a big help in reducing the need for large doses of anesthesia. A study by Chernyak, hypothesizes that electro-acupuncture initiated 30 min before the induction reduces anesthetic requirement more than acupuncture initiated after the induction Actually, almost all conditions that most people complain about have a possibility for a cure with this mode of treatment.

The diseases or disorders for which acupuncture therapy has been tested in controlled clinical trials reported in the recent literature can be classified into four categories. There are diseases, symptoms or conditions for which acupuncture has been proved. There are ones that has been shown to help but needs further studies. There are some with therapeutic effects, but for which acupuncture is worth trying because treatment by conventional and other therapies is difficult.

And there are some conditions for which acupuncture may be tried provided the practitioner has special modern medical knowledge and adequate monitoring equipment According to the World Health Organization, the National Institutes for Health, and clinical experience, acupuncture is useful in the treatment of: chronic and acute pain, neurological disorders, upper respiratory disorders, digestive disorders, urinary and reproductive disorders, immune function, addictions, eye and ear disorders, depression, anxiety ; insomnia, and other more numerous types of conditions Traditional Chinese Medicine.

There is no definite answer as to acupuncture being able to cure a number of illnesses. Many of the theories regarding acupuncture deal with Qi, or energy patterns. These hypothetical energy patterns have not been demonstrated nor have they been studied to a great extent in Western medicine. This leaves the theoretical foundation of acupuncture very much in question. A doctor will be thanked by many patients who have received his expertise in acupuncture, but will only be able to demonstrate little objectively.

Acupuncture still needs many researches and studies to come to a solid answer for the many contradictions it holds today. Yes, in a growing world of many invented pharmaceuticals to rely on, people are looking for better alternatives in medicine for a possible cure. But many experts still argue amongst themselves as to what the real deal of acupuncture is.

How useful would this be to so many lying in hospital beds who are suffering from post-operative pain, undergoing cancer treatment, detoxifying off alcohol or drugs, or simply having trouble going to sleep in an inherently bustling environment? It is beginning to become a reality, albeit in select areas of the country. Many Western Doctors feel threatened at the notion that medicine can be practiced by those who do not have an MD after their name and, likewise, there are a small pocket of CAM practitioners who are also exclusionists and believe alternative medicine is the only alternative.

But by at large, acupuncturists believe in choosing the treatment that is best for their patient, not what is best for their ego or for their pocket. Many are looking forward to the day when there is true collaboration within the healthcare system in this country and to the day acupuncture doctors get to be a part of it. While there are many experts in the medical field who believe acupuncture is an effective way to treat certain conditions, there is still no true consensus.

Some define the benefits of acupuncture within the realm of traditional Chinese theories. Alternatively, some question the ability of acupuncture to have any impact at all. Some scientists say they have proof that acupuncture works in its own right. The skeptics should give it a chance and seek proof for themselves.

What do you know? Maybe further studies can lead us to new doors for the betterment of health care system. Works Cited Chen, C.

Dermatologic Therapy. Cheryak, G. Anesthetic Pharmacology. Oxford: butterworth-Heinemann, Moffet, M. Nestler, G. Medical Clinics of North America 86 : Slark, H.

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The effects of Bu Yang Huan Wu Tang on post-stroke epilepsy: a nationwide matched study

Historical context Hahnemann rejected the mainstream medicine of the late 18th century as irrational and inadvisable [33] because it was largely ineffective and often harmful. The term "homeopathy" was coined by Hahnemann and first appeared in print in He experienced fever, shivering and joint pain : symptoms similar to those of malaria itself. From this, Hahnemann came to believe that all effective drugs produce symptoms in healthy individuals similar to those of the diseases that they treat, in accord with the "law of similars" that had been proposed by ancient physicians. These tests required subjects to test the effects of ingesting substances by clearly recording all of their symptoms as well as the ancillary conditions under which they appeared.

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chinese herbology

Of these therapies, acupuncture and Chinese herbology are the most popular in the United States Nestler The most significant milestone in the history of acupuncture occurred during the period of Huang Di -The Yellow Emperor of China. A pproximately BC, during the Shang Dynasty, hieroglyphs showed evidence of acupuncture and moxibustion. Slark states that moxibustion is derived from the healing benefits of fire and heat. Hot compresses were created from stones and burning sand wrapped in skin and bark. Acupoints are believed to have been identified through observing how pain is relieved by pressure. Bronze needles were excavated from ruins, but the bian stones remained the main form of needle

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