Wadie Said in Jerusalem geboren. Seine Mutter war die Tochter eines Baptistenpastors aus Nazareth. Said geb. Er starb am
|Published (Last):||10 June 2004|
|PDF File Size:||10.48 Mb|
|ePub File Size:||8.82 Mb|
|Price:||Free* [*Free Regsitration Required]|
Young reported Post-colonial explanations of the "How? In Dangerous Knowledge, Irwin relates that the 19th-century English Arabist Edward William Lane , compiler of the great Arabic-English Lexicon , "used to complain that he had become so used to the cursive calligraphy of his Arabic manuscripts that he found Western print a great strain on his eyes.
The first International Congress of Orientalists met in ; its name was not changed until a full century later. But there are no self-declared Orientalists today. The reason is that the late Edward Said turned the word into a pejorative. In his book Orientalism, the Palestinian-born Said, a professor of comparative literature at Columbia University, claimed that an endemic Western prejudice against the East had congealed into a modern ideology of racist supremacy—a kind of anti-Semitism directed against Arabs and Muslims.
At best, charged Said, the work of these scholars was biased, so as to confirm the inferiority of Islam. At worst, Orientalists had directly served European empires, showing proconsuls how best to conquer and control Muslims.
To substantiate his indictment, Said cherry-picked evidence, ignored whatever contradicted his thesis, and filled the gaps with conspiracy theories. I remain in the safety of rhetorical analysis, where criticism is the second-best thing I do. Not only did Europeans study Japan without any hope of colonizing it, but Japanese academics played a prominent role as informants and interlocutors in this academic discipline, providing information both on their own practices and history and on the history of China.
It has nothing to do with whether they are good or not good in their disciplines. So, "orientalism", for many people, is a word that substitutes for thought and enables people to dismiss certain scholars and their works. I think that is too bad. It may not have been what Edward Said meant at all, but the term has become a kind of slogan. That the disparate examples, such as the German poet Johann Wolfgang von Goethe — who never travelled to the Orient; the French novelist Gustave Flaubert — who briefly toured Egypt; the French Orientalist Ernest Renan — , whose anti-Semitism voided his work; and the British Arabist Edward William Lane — , who compiled the Arabic—English Lexicon —93 —did not constitute a comprehensive scope of investigation or critical comparison.
Being European is the only common trait among such a temporally and stylistically disparate group of literary Orientalists. Kejariwal said that with the creation of a monolithic Occidentalism to oppose the Orientalism of Western discourse with the Eastern world, Said had failed to distinguish, between the paradigms of Romanticism and the Enlightenment , and ignored the differences among Orientalists; and that he failed to acknowledge the positive contributions of Orientalists who sought kinship, between the worlds of the East and the West, rather than to create an artificial "difference" of cultural inferiority and superiority; such a man was William Jones — , the British philologist—lexicographer who proposed that Indo—European languages are interrelated.
That Said failed to adequately distinguish between the genuine experiences of the Orient and the cultural projections of Westerners. This was a particular issue given Said treated Western colonialism as unique, which Landlow regarded as unsatisfactory for a work of serious scholarship. Washbrook said that Said and his academic cohort indulge in excessive cultural relativism , which intellectual excess traps them in a " web of solipsism ", which limits conversation exclusively to "cultural representations" and to denying the existence of any objective truth.
Kiernan , Bernard S. Cohn , and Anwar Abdel Malek , who also had studied, reported, and interpreted the social relationship that makes the practice of imperialism intellectually, psychologically, and ethically feasible; that is, the relationship between European imperial rule and European representations of the non-European Other self, the colonised people.
Young reported Post-colonial explanations of the "How? In Dangerous Knowledge, Irwin relates that the 19th-century English Arabist Edward William Lane , compiler of the great Arabic-English Lexicon , "used to complain that he had become so used to the cursive calligraphy of his Arabic manuscripts that he found Western print a great strain on his eyes. The first International Congress of Orientalists met in ; its name was not changed until a full century later. But there are no self-declared Orientalists today.
Alte Vorurteile gegen die Menschen im Orient wurden nie hinterfragt, sondern systematisch wiederholt. Obwohl Orientalismus zum modernen Klassiker avanciert ist, wird das Buch auch kritisch bewertet. Das Buch wurde zum akademischen Skandalerfolg und revolutionierte die Orientalistik. Mithilfe der so genannten Diskursanalyse entdeckt Said tief sitzende Vorurteile bei orientalistischen Autoren.
Sein Anliegen ist es zu zeigen, dass es in deren Arbeiten nicht um eine objektive Betrachtung der islamischen oder "orientalischen" Welt gehe, ja dass vielmehr das Konzept des Orients als solches bereits ein westliches, d. Aus dieser Definitionsmacht resultierten exotistische , kulturalistische und auch offen rassistische Bilder, welche der Legitimierung der Kolonialisierung des Orients dienten. Kritik an Saids Orientalismus-Kritik[ Bearbeiten Quelltext bearbeiten ] Gegen die Analyse Saids wurde vorgebracht, dass sie sowohl in methodologischer als auch in inhaltlicher Hinsicht Schwachstellen aufweise, etwa hinsichtlich der mangelnden geographischen Spezifizierung oder auch hinsichtlich der fehlenden zeitlichen Eingrenzung. Hier hat beispielsweise Carl W. Andere Studien belegen, dass Prozesse der Orientalisierung und Auto-Orientalisierung fortschreiten, dass Orient auch vom Orient selbst konstruiert wird. Unter dem Stichwort des "Balkanismus" Balkanism wurde diese Diskussion v. Neuburger  und Diana Mishkova .