Unter dem Begriff Superlearning wurde eine mit Entspannung arbeitende Methode bekannt, die mit Lehrmedien wie Text und Audiofiles, jedoch ohne Lehrer arbeitet. Entwicklung[ Bearbeiten Quelltext bearbeiten ] Lozanov entwickelte mit Hilfe dieser Erkenntnisse ein methodisches System zur Vermittlung von Lehr- und Lerninhalten im o. Suggestion und Desuggestion[ Bearbeiten Quelltext bearbeiten ] Dieser Artikel oder nachfolgende Abschnitt ist nicht hinreichend mit Belegen beispielsweise Einzelnachweisen ausgestattet. Positive Suggestionen stehen im Focus des Trainerwirkens. Die Hypermnesie erreicht der Lehrer durch Suggestion und Desuggestion.
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In practice[ edit ] Physical surroundings and atmosphere in classroom are the vital factors to make sure that "the students feel comfortable and confident",  and various techniques, including art and music, are used by the trained teachers.
In most materials the foreign language text is on the left half of the page with a translation on the right half, i. Concert session active and passive : In the active session, the teacher reads the text at a normal speed, sometimes intoning some words, and the students follow. In the passive session, the students relax and listen to the teacher reading the text calmly. Baroque music is played in the background. Elaboration: The students finish off what they have learned with dramas, songs, and games.
Then it has developed into four phases as lots of experiments were done: introduction, concert session, elaboration, and production. Concert session active and passive : In the active session, the teacher reads with intoning as selected music is played. Occasionally, the students read the text together with the teacher, and listen only to the music as the teacher pauses in particular moments.
The passive session is done more calmly. Elaboration: The students sing classical songs and play games while "the teacher acts more like a consultant". Teachers[ edit ] Teachers should not act in a directive way, although this method is teacher-controlled and not student-controlled. For example, they should act as a real partner to the students, participating in the activities such as games and songs "naturally" and "genuinely.
Therefore, the teacher has to be trained in a course taught by certified trainers. Here are the most important factors for teachers to acquire, described by Lozanov. Structuring the material in the suggestopaedic way: global-partial — partial-global, and global in the part — part in the global, related to the golden proportion.
As a professional, on one hand, and a personality, on the other hand, the teacher should be a highly regarded professional, reliable and credible. The teacher should have, not play, a hundred percent expectation of positive results because the teacher is already experienced even from the time of the teacher training course.
Method for children preventive Suggestopedia [ edit ] The method for Adults includes long sessions without movement,  and materials that are appropriate for adults. Children, however, get impacts from "the social suggestive norms" differently, and their brains are more delicate than those of adults. Therefore, another method with different materials should be applied to children, which better matches their characteristics.
Lessons for children are more incidental and short, preventing the children from the negative pedagogical suggestions of Society. It is important to tell the parents about the method and their roles — because they could influence children both negatively and positively, depending on how they support the kids. Lozanov never admitted that Suggestopedia can be compared to a placebo. He argues, however, that placebos are indeed effective. Another point of criticism is brought forward by Baur, who claims that the students only receive input by listening, reading and musical-emotional backing, while other important factors of language acquisition are being neglected.
Lukesch claims that Suggestopedia lacks scientific backing and is criticized by psychologists as being based on pseudoscience. Suggestology and Suggestopedy. The Practice of English Language Teaching. Approaches and Methods in Language Teaching 2nd ed. In Bauer, H.
Georgi Lozanov Dr. Georgi Lozanov created a remarkably effective method of teaching based on how the brain actually learns. A native of Sofia, Bulgaria, and a medical doctor specialized in psychiatry and psychotherapy, Dr. Lozanov has a passion for understanding how human beings learn.
For the Bulgarian Olympic gymnast, see Georgi Lozanov gymnast. Such techniques included elements such as breathing , visualization , and biofeedback. There is a school in Sliven dedicated to preparing teachers for using suggestopaedia during lessons in order to improve the learning speed of pupils. During the s his theories and method were carefully analyzed and evaluated worldwide by a committee on languages learning and eventually certified by Unesco as "the most cultural integral and effective learning method" in Second Language Acquisition, better known today as its corporate adaptation called the Accelerated Learning Method. Among his research, Lozanov had conducted during his earlier career stages advanced long-term research in the field of parapsychology , especially on clairvoyance at the University of Sofia.