Khudai Khidmatgar Movement Khudai-Khidmatgar was basically a social movement that was initiated by Badshah Khan in Pakhtun dominated areas. The purpose of this movement was to bring reform in the Pakhtun society. Due to some unchangeable principles of Pushtunwali, the Pakhtun society was entangled in endless tribal feuds. The reason was obvious that the Pakhtuns were following the already made stereotypes, so in this struggle the Khudai-Khidmatgar tried there best to eliminate the concept of deep rooted stereotypes from the Pashtoon society on the bases of social-cultural reforms and educational network. This would help them to put the Pashtoon society on the path of development. This movement was fundamentally based on two things, firstly, to serve the humanity by focusing on idioms like education for all, encouraging poetry and music and literature and to eradicate the vicious roots of violence among Pashtoons.

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For the glory of God By cannon or gun undismayed Soldiers and horsemen, Our work and our duty. But nothing can conquer nonviolence. You cannot kill it. It keeps standing up. The British sent their horses and cars to run over us, but I took my shawl in my mouth to keep from screaming.

We were human beings, but we should not cry or express in any way that we were injured or weak. Another tactic employed against non-violent protesters who were blocking roads was to charge them with cars and horses. In , soldiers of the Garhwal Rifles refused to fire on non-violent protests led by Khudai Khidmatgars in Peshawar.

However, by , 5, members of the Khudai Khidmatgar and 2, members of the Congress Party were arrested. In , the Khudai Khidmatgar movement changed its tactics and involved women in the movement. This unnerved many Indian officers working in the region as in those days of conservative India it was considered a grave insult to attack women, more so in a conservative Pashtun society.

However the brutality increased and in one case five police officers in Benares had to be suspended due to "horrific reports about violence used against young female volunteers". Other alleged tactics ranged from poisoning [16] to the use of castrations against some Khudai Khidmatgar activists. It had played throughout on the Islamic theme. The session ended badly with Maulana Shaukat Ali nearly being attacked by one member from the Punjab.

Another attempt was made by senior KK leaders to approach Sir Fazli Hussain a senior Punjabi leader of the Unionist party pleading for assistance against the crackdown which was dismissed. The Congress subsequently offered all possible help to the Pathans in exchange on their part to joining the Congress party for the independence struggle.

This offer was put forth in the Frontier province, and was accepted by the Khudai Kidmatgars on August The move shocked the British authorities who were forced to ease pressure on the KK.

From mass movement to political party[ edit ] Main article: Quit India movement More, with the introduction of provincial autonomy under the Government of India Act , The first limited election were held in NWFP in Ghaffar Khan was banned from the province. His brother, Dr. Khan Sahib, led the party to a narrow victory and became Chief Minister.

Ghaffar Khan returned to Peshawar in triumph on 29 August on what the Peshawar daily Khyber Mail called the happiest day of his life. During the two-year stint of the Congress party under Dr Khan Sahib as Chief minister, major reforms were introduced including land reforms, promotion of the teaching of Pashto and the release of political prisoners. The decision to resign proved a pivotal moment in Indian history, in the Frontier it was instrumental in giving those groups that opposed the Khudai Khidmatgar movement the opportunity to broaden their constituency.

He had come to make his escape to Nazi Germany via Afghanistan. He stayed with him for two days before leaving in a Pashtun attire for the German Embassy in Kabul leading to his journey to Germany and finally Japan. Agha Haider Ali of the Afghan National bank, helped Bose get in touch with the Kabul authorities and with his travel plans.

The decision of Dr. Khan Sahib to support his daughters marriage to a Sikh soldier led to some senior associates of Bacha Khan to leave. The Mullahs were told that in case of good progress they would also be considered for government pension.

He successfully stopped an attempted rapprochement between Ghaffar Khan and Muhammad Ali Jinnah by stopping a planned meeting between the two citing security threats. However, Qayyum Khan Kashmiri and the central government had already decided that there would be no accord with the movement.

On 12 August , while Bacha Khan and the deposed chief minister Dr. Khan Sahib were both under arrest, over Khudai Khidmatgar supporters who were protesting for their release were killed by the government of Pakistan in Charsadda District during the Babrra massacre.

Those members that wished to survive politically rallied behind a former ally, turned opponent of Qayyum Khan Kashmiri, the Pir of Manki Sharif. The Pir created a breakaway Muslim League, however, it proved no match for Qayyum who engineered his re-election in An aborted attempt was made to bring Ghaffar Khan into the government as a minister as well as turning the KK movement into a national organization, but Ghaffar Khan turned down the offer.

Khudai Khidmatgars has volunteers in 14 states and, according to Faisal they number about 10, However, the social effects of the movement have not survived. While the Ghaffar Khan family maintains a hold over the political philosophy of the movement, its history has largely been wiped out from official memory in Pakistan. The movement has also been criticized for its opposition to partition, and by that virtue the creation of Pakistan.

This is supposedly proved by its failure to pose a challenge to the Pakistani government amidst a crackdown that was far more brutal than any done by the British.

Writers like Schofiled and Bannerjee have documented cases of attacks on British personnel and soldiers.


Khudai Khidmatgar Movement

The province due to its unique geographical location was treated by the British administration different from the rest of India. This brought social, political and economic backwardness in the Pushtoon society. P and its people in close collaboration with their brethren from rest of India. Ghaffar Khan had realized that migration is not the solution of the multifarious problems they faced.

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Khudai Khidmatgar

For the glory of God By cannon or gun undismayed Soldiers and horsemen, Our work and our duty. But nothing can conquer nonviolence. You cannot kill it. It keeps standing up. The British sent their horses and cars to run over us, but I took my shawl in my mouth to keep from screaming.



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